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THE ROLE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION

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At this year’s Mobile World Congress, held from February 26-29 in Barcelona, Spain, artificial intelligence (AI) took center stage with 41 sessions dedicated to the subject. The event, which drew over 90,000 attendees, provided a deep dive into AI’s growth, impact, and potential to transform human lives.
Globally, AI is being hailed as a game-changer for business operations, with limitless applications. According to PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), AI could add up to $15.7 trillion to the global economy by 2030, surpassing the current economic output of China and India combined—a 14% increase in global GDP.
PwC’s report, “Sizing the Prize,” emphasizes the transformative potential of AI as it moves from research labs into mainstream use. This transformation is especially significant in sectors like education, where AI can help educators analyze data quickly and efficiently, moving from manual processes to machine assistance.
The 2023 Global Markets Insights report noted that AI in the education market was valued at $4 billion in 2022 and is projected to grow by more than 10% annually from 2023 to 2032. This growth is driven by the increasing demand for personalized learning, with AI enabling comprehensive data analysis to provide valuable insights for educators, administrators, and policymakers.
In response to the growing interest in AI, the Mastercard Foundation’s EdTech Mondays April 2024 edition explored the role of AI in education within the African context. “AI is transforming the global economy and will significantly impact education,” says Mutembei Kariuki, Founder and CEO of Fastagger. “By handling routine tasks, AI allows teachers to focus on mentorship.”
Kariuki’s views align with the broader potential of AI, which, despite being a buzzword among tech enthusiasts, has yet to fully impact developing countries. AI offers both opportunities and challenges in education—enabling personalized learning while necessitating a shift in mindset among educators and policymakers.
“AI is coming and is very disruptive,” says Matthew Grollnek, Future of Work Lead at the Mastercard Foundation. “While it presents opportunities, it also requires us to address its risks and maximize its benefits.”
A major impediment to AI adoption in Africa is the lack of a clear policy framework. Technological advancements often outpace policy development, but this is changing as the African Union (AU) implements its Continental Strategy on AI. This strategy prioritizes education and the preservation of African languages as key sectors to benefit from AI.
The AU’s Digital Education Strategy and Implementation Plan (2023-2028) aims to align digital technologies with Africa’s education needs. This includes using AI in teaching, learning, research, assessment, and administration; enhancing digital literacy and skills; and building infrastructure capacity in member states.
Some African countries are already making strides. Rwanda, for instance, has an AI policy that provides a roadmap to harness AI’s benefits while mitigating risks, such as data privacy concerns.
“AI is suitable for subjects like coding and mathematics, reducing teachers’ workloads and promoting inclusion and equity for learners with impairments,” says Christine Niyizamwiyitira, Scholar in Residence at Carnegie Mellon University.
According to the Mastercard Foundation’s Young Africa Works strategy, Africa’s workforce will reach a billion people by 2030, with 375 million young people entering the job market. This shift will require new educational strategies, and AI programs can equip young people with the skills needed in the job market.
Panelists at the event emphasized that AI will not replace teachers but will enhance their roles, allowing them to curate learning experiences and support students’ growth and well-being. The future of AI in education is indeed now.
Source: cnbcafrica.com
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EU’s new AI rules: Industry opposed to revealing guarded trade secrets

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New regulations in the European Union (EU) are set to compel companies to increase transparency regarding the data they use to train artificial intelligence (AI) systems, potentially unveiling closely guarded industry practices, reports the Times of India.
Since OpenAI, supported by Microsoft, introduced ChatGPT to the public 18 months ago, there has been a surge in public interest and investment in generative AI. This technology enables rapid generation of text, images, and audio content.
As the AI industry expands, concerns have emerged regarding how companies source data for training their models, particularly whether using content from popular books and movies without creators’ consent constitutes a breach of copyright.
The EU’s new AI Act, phased in over the next two years, mandates stricter regulations while allowing time for businesses to adjust to new requirements. Nevertheless, the practical implementation of these rules remains uncertain, notes the report.
Mandating “detailed summaries”
A contentious provision of the AI Act requires organizations deploying general-purpose AI models like ChatGPT to provide “detailed summaries” of the training data. The newly established AI Office plans to release a template for these summaries by early 2025 after consulting stakeholders. However, AI companies oppose disclosing their training data, arguing it as a trade secret that could unfairly benefit competitors if made public, the report reveals.
In the past year, major tech firms including Google, OpenAI, and Stability AI have faced lawsuits alleging unauthorized use of content for AI training. Despite US President Joe Biden’s executive orders addressing AI security risks, legal challenges regarding copyright remain largely untested, the report adds.
Backlash against OpenAI
Amid heightened scrutiny, tech companies have struck content-licensing deals with media outlets and websites. OpenAI, for instance, has partnered with the Financial Times and The Atlantic, while Google has collaborated with NewsCorp and Reddit.
Despite these efforts, OpenAI drew criticism in March when Chief Technology Officer Mira Murati declined to confirm whether YouTube videos were used to train its video-generating tool, Sora, citing potential violations of company terms and conditions.
Source: business-standard.com
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Picsart teams up with Getty to take on Adobe’s ‘commercially-safe’ AI

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Picsart and Getty Images are joining forces to develop an AI image generator exclusively trained on Getty’s licensed stock content.
According to Picsart, their AI lab is constructing a bespoke model from the ground up to power this tool. It aims to provide the platform’s paying subscribers with the ability to generate images that come with full commercial rights. This initiative seeks to address persistent concerns about potential copyright violations associated with AI-generated content. The Picsart / Getty Images generator is slated for launch later this year and will be accessible through Picsart’s API services.
This collaboration bears similarities to Adobe’s Firefly AI model, initially introduced as a prompt-based image generation tool within Photoshop last year. Adobe has since expanded its integration across various Creative Cloud applications. Adobe’s model also emphasizes commercial safety by training on stock images from Adobe’s own library, along with openly licensed or out-of-copyright content. However, questions remain about the integrity of the training data and user trust in Adobe’s approach.
Getty Images has previously ventured into commercially-focused AI products through partnerships with Bria AI and Runway, and by teaming up with Nvidia to introduce “Generative AI by Getty Images,” leveraging its extensive catalog of licensed images. Adobe’s widespread integration of the Firefly model into popular applications like Photoshop, Illustrator, Lightroom, and Express may pose a challenge for Picsart’s new offering in terms of attracting creatives away from Adobe’s established ecosystem.
Source: theverge.com
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Microsoft to delay release of Recall AI feature on security concerns

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On June 13, Microsoft announced that it will postpone the rollout of its AI-powered feature “Recall” with new computers next week due to privacy concerns. Instead, the tech giant plans to offer Recall for preview to a smaller group later, following feedback and additional testing.
Recall is designed to track various activities from web browsing to voice chats, compiling a searchable history stored on the user’s computer. This allows users to easily retrieve past actions, even months later.
Originally slated for broad availability on June 18 for Copilot+ PC users, Recall will now undergo a preview phase exclusively within Microsoft’s Windows Insider Program (WIP) in the coming weeks. This decision, as stated in a blog post by the Redmond, Washington-based company, underscores their commitment to ensuring a trusted, secure, and reliable experience for all customers.
Copilot+ PCs, introduced in May, feature advanced AI capabilities aimed at enhancing user interactions and productivity. The WIP, a platform for software testing, enables enthusiasts to preview upcoming Windows operating system features.
Microsoft intends to incorporate feedback from the WIP community before extending the Recall preview to all Copilot+ PC users in the near future.
Following the feature’s announcement, concerns over privacy were swiftly voiced on social media, with some users fearing potential surveillance implications. Elon Musk, prominent technologist and billionaire, likened Recall to a scenario from the dystopian series “Black Mirror,” highlighting societal apprehensions about the impact of advanced technologies.
Source: reuters.com

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