Radar has been one of the most significant additions to vehicles in the past two decades. It provides luxury advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) features like adaptive cruise control (ACC), as well as critical safety features like automatic emergency braking and blind spot detection. It has grown from an expensive accessory feature on the most upmarket cars to an almost ubiquitous presence across all price points.
IDTechEx’s research conducted in “Automotive Radar 2024-2044: Forecasts, Technologies, Applications” shows that, on average, 70% of new cars shipped in 2022 had a front-facing radar, while 30% had side radars. However, with ADAS systems becoming more sophisticated and level 3 autonomous systems entering the market for the first time, radar technology needs to improve to meet the new performance demands these systems require. As such, the industry is now seeing the first generations of “4D imaging” radars come to market and get deployed onto vehicles. With that in mind, here IDTechEx explores what a 4D imaging radar is, why it is needed, and what new technologies they are using.
What is a 4D imaging radar?
Firstly, a 4D radar is not automatically an imaging radar. The two terminologies can sometimes seem interchangeable; however, IDTechEx believes it is important to distinguish between the two. In the past, most radar have been limited to 3 dimensions, with these being azimuth (horizontal angle), distance, and velocity. A 4D radar simply means the addition of some resolving ability in the elevation direction.
A classic example that highlights the need for this fourth dimension is the scenario of detecting a parked car in the entrance of a tunnel. A 3D radar will return the same results whether there is a car in the entrance or not. Normally, the vehicle will assume that the large reflection is a tunnel, and the adaptive cruise control system will continue. This behavior is perfectly acceptable if a human is behind the wheel and can override the ACC system accordingly, but it becomes an issue for vehicles operating at SAE level 3 and above, which has become a real-world reality over the past couple of years.
In theory a 4D radar will overcome this problem. The addition of the vertical resolution means the radar should be able to separate the stopped vehicle at ground level from the tunnel a few meters above the deck. However, if the vertical resolution is poor to the extent that the tunnel and car are still present in the same “pixel”, then the situation has not been improved. This is where the distinction between 4D radar and 4D imaging radar comes into play. The imaging radar should have sufficient angular resolution that it can distinguish the tunnel and vehicle even at very long distances. In fact, IDTechEx thinks that an imaging radar should have sufficient resolution to distinguish much smaller obstacles at long distances, for instance, a person on the road at 100m. But what resolution is needed to do this? Assuming that the person is 5-6ft tall, a resolution of around 1˚ would be needed to separate the person from the road. In this scenario, the system would have enough time to activate the brakes and bring the vehicle to a stop, avoiding a collision, even at highway speeds.
However, being able to detect the person is one thing; correctly classifying them as a person with the radar data alone is another. This is why radar is usually supported with front-facing cameras for applications like automatic emergency braking. At night-time, in foggy conditions, or in heavy rain, the camera might not be able to see either. In these situations, there are a few options: add short or long-wave infrared detection to the vehicle, providing camera-like resolution with robustness to poor visibility conditions, add LiDAR to the vehicle, with radar-like ranging abilities but at a large cost, or improve the resolution of radar further.
Getting to 1˚ resolution and beyond
Radar has a natural physical limit to its resolving performance known as the Rayleigh Criterion, which is proportional to the inverse of frequency multiplied by aperture size (1/ƒ∂). In short, a normal automotive radar operating at 77GHz, and with an antenna array 10cm wide, should be able to reach a resolution 2.8˚ . For context, a typical human eye can resolve at around 0.005-0.01˚ , enough to see a 1cm object at 100m. To improve radar’s resolution its operating frequency could be increased, after all humans use visible light which is in the hundreds of terahertz. However, the frequency of radar is limited by regulations and is not something that is easily changed.
The next option is to increase the size of the aperture. While this is technically possible, doing so runs into practicality challenges. In order to get from 2.8˚ to 1˚, the aperture needs to increase from 10cm to 28cm. To get this resolution in both azimuth and elevation, the radar is now 28cm x 28cm, which will be challenging to integrate into the front bumper. It will likely cause airflow issues to the radiator, could be difficult to protect from damage, and will cause the OEM’s aesthetics teams a bit of a headache. IDTechEx has seen radars getting larger, with examples like Continental’s ARS540, Bosch’s FR5+, and Arbe’s Phoenix all exceeding 10cm, but the largest of these, the Phoenix, is still only 12.7cm x 14.3cm.
Another issue with creating larger radar is filling them with channels. Creating a 28cm x 28cm radar without the supporting semiconductor technology would be like building a $10,000 DSLR camera lens and pairing it with a 1MP camera phone sensor from 2001. Here, the analog to pixels is virtual channels, which is the multiple of a radar’s transmitting and receiving channels (Tx and Rx). In the past a 3D radar might have one transmitting channel and three receiving (1Tx/3Rx). A basic 4D radar would likely use a radar transceiver with a 3Tx/4Rx arrangement, while some leading radar combine four of these chips to get a 12Tx/16Rx arrangement with 192 virtual channels. Arbe has developed a chipset that scales to 48Tx/48Rx in a single radar giving 2,304 virtual channels. This helps Arbe in achieving 1˚ resolution in the azimuth and 1.7˚ in the elevation.
One way of combating the challenges around building a very large radar is to distribute it somehow. IDTechEx has seen a couple of approaches to this. One from Zendar involves using two lower-performance radar placed on opposite ends of the bumper and working together. Now, the aperture size has increased from less than 10cm to effectively 1.5-2m. As such, the resolution of these two radar working together is just over 0.1˚ in the azimuth. The other approach that IDTechEx has seen is to build separate antenna boards for each channel (on a 3Tx/4Rx radar) and place them across the bumper. This is the development route being explored by Plastic Omnium and Greener Wave.
Software is another key aspect of this discussion, and nearly all the companies mentioned here will be using some kind of super resolution software to improve their performance. Returning to the camera analogy, modern DSLR cameras come with powerful processors that can make the most of an image, while the cameras in modern phones have had years of software development to produce the sharpest, most natural-looking results. In radar, there are a few examples of start-ups making some exemplary algorithms for improving the resolution of radar without making any physical changes. Zadar Labs uses technologies like machine learning, AI, and encoded transmission signals to improve radar performance. Spartan, on the other hand, uses an algorithm based on research for F-18 and F-35 fighter jet applications. Super-resolution software can improve the angular resolution by a factor of 4, taking a standard 2.8˚ angular resolution radar down to 0.5-1˚ and lower if it is already employing some of the other techniques discussed here.
Scanning is another promising option for radar. Metawave’s metamaterial antenna uses beamforming and beam steering technologies to focus the radar’s performance into a thin fan. This fan is then scanned through the desired elevation field of view, providing upgraded resolution performance in both elevation and azimuth. The other bonus of this technology is that the emission energy is spread over a far smaller area than a flash-type approach, meaning it can achieve longer ranges than a non-scanning equivalent.
With all these options for building the next generation of radar, how can one know which is best? IDTechEx’s “Automotive Radar 2024-2044: Forecasts, Technologies, Applications” report goes into even more detail about how these technologies work and improve radar performance. The report also presents benchmarking analysis to pit these technologies against each other over key performance indicators such as angular resolution, range, field of view, and frame rate, identifying which technology produces the best overall package, with some unexpected results.
IDTechEx’s latest report, “Automotive Radar 2024-2044: Forecasts, Technologies, Applications” provides a holistic overview of the automotive radar industry, including tier one and tier 2 products, market shares, start-ups, new technologies, material requirements, autonomous and ADAS markets, and 20-year forecasts.
For the full report and downloadable sample pages, please see www.IDTechEx.com/Radar. For more information on the full portfolio of IDTechEx research and how to access the expert-led data and analysis as part of a market intelligence subscription, please visit www.IDTechEx.com.
Savory & Partners: Digital Nomad Visas Sparking a Migration Boom
DUBAI, UAE, Dec. 9, 2023 /PRNewswire/ — The simplicity and lax requirements of digital nomad visas have made them easily accessible, and countries like Portugal and Spain, which have excellent infrastructure, great internet connection, and an outstanding standard of living, draw in more digital nomads by the day, according to experts at Dubai-headquartered citizenship and residency by investment advisors Savory and Partners.
A recent research quoted by the company estimates that there are 16.9 million digital nomads roaming the globe. This is a whopping 162% increase from 2019, just four years earlier.
As soon as Portugal introduced its digital nomad visa in October of 2022, the applications started pouring in. While the government hasn’t announced the number of applications it has received, Portugal’s Labour Minister did announce that the country approved 550 applications within the first six months.
Two months after launching its visa in September of 2021, Greece received 2,918 applications, approving an astonishing 1,693 applicants. The government is yet to release any new statistics, but going off that outstanding start it is safe to assume it is still garnering massive attention.
Germany also boasts impressive numbers, having issued a total of 3,638 visas in just one year since the introduction of its visa in 2018.
According to Residency Malta, the government branch responsible for the digital nomad visa, it has issued 1,041 visas to date, with an average approval rate of 78%.
Croatia, one of the first countries to introduce a pure digital nomad visa in early 2021 as a response to the rise in remote workers, has approved 680 applications, while 672 are still pending approval.
Not just Europe
“It’s not just Europe but even Barbados’ digital nomad visa, dubbed the Welcome Stamp, has been doing outstandingly well, receiving a total of 3,511 applications between 2020 and 2022”, a digital nomad specialist at Savory & Partners reports.
While digital nomads typically use visa-free access or visas to stay in countries for a few months at a time before moving on to the next, digital nomad visas provide a sense of comfort and stability that aligns perfectly with their lifestyle, giving them ample time to enjoy the country they are in before moving on to the next.
The rapid growth in application numbers and the surging demand for digital nomad visas isn’t surprising. They are extremely simple to apply to, have fast processing times ranging from a few days to a couple of months, and they do not require any business establishment or investment.
Portugal’s digital nomad visa, for example, only requires applicants to prove a monthly income of €3,040 per month, while Spain’s visa has a lower threshold of just €2,160 per month.
Savory & Partners is an accredited agent for multiple governments where citizenship by investment is offered. The company has coverage in over 20 jurisdictions, including Europe and was the first firm to obtain all five authorised agent licenses for the governments of the Caribbean Islands. It has processed second passports for over 4,000 citizens with a 100 per cent success rate.
With a presence in 3 continents and 7 countries and more than 60 experts worldwide, the company’s multinational staff comprises advisors who guide clients in English, Arabic, Farsi, French, Spanish and Hindi.
To know more about Savory & Partners, visit www.savoryandpartners.com.
For more information, please send an email to [email protected] can also call +971 04 430 1717 or send a WhatsApp message to +971 54 440 2955.
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Robotic Lawn Mower Market to Reach $2.4 Billion, by 2032 at 10.9% CAGR: Allied Market Research
The increasing demand for smart appliances for garden maintenance by global consumers, along with the development of IOT enabled features is fueling the growth of the robotic lawn mower market.
WILMINGTON, Del., Dec. 8, 2023 /PRNewswire/ — Allied Market Research published a report, titled, “Robotic Lawn Mower Market by Range (Low-Range Robotic Lawn Mower, Medium-Range Robotic Lawn Mower, and High-Range Robotic Lawn Mower), End User (Residential User and Commercial User), and Distribution Channel (Retail and Online): Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2023-2032”. According to the report, the global robotic lawn mower market size was valued at $838.5 million in 2022, and is projected to reach $2.4 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 10.9% from 2023 to 2032.
Request Sample Copy of Report: https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/request-sample/5117
Prime determinants of growth
The robotic lawn mower market is driven by factors such as increase in demand for automation, rise in advancements for technology, and increase in popularity of online platforms. However, the rise in regular maintenance and repair costs restricts market growth. Moreover, the increase in demand for rental robotic lawn mowers offers new opportunities in the coming years.
Report coverage & details:
Market Size in 2022
Market Size in 2032
No. of Pages in Report
Range, End User, Distribution Channel, and Region
Increase in demand for automation
Rise in advancements for technology
Reduction in the labor costs
Increase in demand for rental robotic lawn mowers
Growth in the adoption of internet of things
Declining Cost of Batteries/Fuel Cells
Less adoption in developing markets
Regular maintenance and repair costs
Procure Complete Report (250 Pages PDF with Insights, Charts, Tables, and Figures): https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/checkout-final/64e274edbc38210d8eac6958c5995e56
The medium range robotic lawn mower segment to maintain its leadership status throughout the forecast period
Based on range, the medium range robotic lawn mower segment dominated the market in 2022 accounting for more than half of the market share and is expected to dominate the market during the forecast period. This segment is projected to manifest the highest CAGR of 10.4% from 2023 to 2032, owing to the increase in residential and commercial spaces such as buildings, corporate spaces, sports centers, and public parks, which has fueled the requirement for medium range robotic lawn mowers.
The residential segment to maintain its leadership status throughout the forecast period
Based on end user, the residential segment dominated the market in 2022 accounting for less than three-fourths of the market share and is expected to dominate the market during the forecast period. This segment is projected to manifest the highest CAGR of 10.7% from 2023 to 2032, owing to the increase in the demand for low and medium range robotic lawn mowers in the residential sector due to the increased requirement for lawn care and maintenance.
The retail segment to maintain its lead position during the forecast period
On the basis of the distribution channel, the retail segment dominated the market in 2022 accounting for less than half of the market share and is expected to maintain its dominance during the forecast period. The increased demand for ecologically friendly and sustainable robotic lawn mowers, which is being driven by the rising awareness of environmental challenges, is one of the main factors boosting retail sales.
Europe to maintain its dominance by 2032
Based on region, Europe held the highest market share in terms of revenue in 2022, accounting for less than two-fifths of the market share and is expected to maintain its dominance during the forecast period. The growing popularity in artificial intelligence for performing day-to-day activities with higher efficiency is among the primary factors driving the Europe robotic lawn mower market.
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Leading Market Players: –
Robert Bosch GmbHHusqvarna ABHonda Motor Co., Ltd.Zucchetti Centro Sistemi S.p.A.Stiga C S.a.r.l.Andreas Holding AG & Co. KGPositec Tool CorporationWiper S.R.L.Suzhou Cleva Electric Appliance Co., Ltd.Stanley Black & Decker, Inc.The report provides a detailed analysis of these key players in the robotic lawn mower market. These players have adopted different strategies such as acquisition, partnerships, and new product launches to increase their market share and maintain dominant shares in the market. The report is valuable in highlighting business performance, operating segments, product portfolio, and strategic moves of market players to showcase the competitive scenario.
Read More Trending “AMR Exclusive Insights:
Lawn and Garden Water Equipment Market Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2023-2032Canada Lawn and Garden Water Equipment Market Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2022-2032Mexico Lawn and Garden Water Equipment Market Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2022-2032Europe Lawn and Garden Water Equipment Market Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2022-2032France Lawn and Garden Water Equipment Market Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2022-2032Germany Lawn and Garden Water Equipment Market Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2022-2032About Us:
Allied Market Research (AMR) is a full-service market research and business-consulting wing of Allied Analytics LLP based in Wilmington, Delaware. Allied Market Research provides global enterprises as well as medium and small businesses with unmatched quality of “Market Research Reports” and “Business Intelligence Solutions.” AMR has a targeted view to provide business insights and consulting to assist its clients to make strategic business decisions and achieve sustainable growth in their respective market domain.
Pawan Kumar, the CEO of Allied Market Research, is leading the organization toward providing high-quality data and insights. We are in professional corporate relations with various companies and this helps us in digging out market data that helps us generate accurate research data tables and confirms utmost accuracy in our market forecasting. Each and every data presented in the reports published by us is extracted through primary interviews with top officials from leading companies of domain concerned. Our secondary data procurement methodology includes deep online and offline research and discussion with knowledgeable professionals and analysts in the industry.
David Correa1209 Orange Street,Corporation Trust Center,Wilmington, New Castle,Delaware 19801 USA.USA/Canada (Toll Free):+1-800-792-5285UK: +44-845-528-1300Hong Kong: +852-301-84916India (Pune): +91-20-66346060Fax: [email protected]: www.alliedmarketresearch.comAllied Market Research Blog:https://blog.alliedmarketresearch.com/consumer-goods
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HH Global discloses environmental impact through CDP
LONDON, Dec. 8, 2023 /PRNewswire/ — HH Global has furthered its commitment to environmental transparency by completing a full assessment of the carbon footprint of our business for the fourth year in a row and disclosing our impact through CDP, the world’s leading environmental disclosure platform.
With a record +23,000 companies disclosing through CDP in 2023, HH Global’s data will be added to the most comprehensive inventory of self-reported environmental data in the world – helping to drive action through greater transparency.
CDP is a global non-profit that runs the disclosure platform for companies, cities, states and regions. CDP pioneered using capital markets and corporate procurement to motivate companies to report on their environmental impacts – and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, safeguard water resources and protect forests. Their aim is to see a thriving economy that works for both people and planet in the long term.
Kevin Dunckley, Chief Sustainability Officer at HH Global commented:”HH Global is proud to have disclosed our environmental data through CDP for the fourth successive year. Tracking progress on reducing emissions is essential if we are to secure a 1.5°C world. Commitment to meaningful and measurable environmental action is more critical than ever and reporting where we are, our goals for a sustainable future and how we are getting there is vital.”
Sherry Madera, Chief Executive Officer at CDP said:
“With over 23,000 businesses disclosing through CDP this year, it is clear that sustainability – and the data that underpins it – is not a ‘nice to have’, but an essential part of long-term success in the business community that is showing no sign of slowing down – nor should it.
“Disclosure works, and today we should take a short pause to celebrate the dedication to transparency and accountability shown by HH Global reporting through CDP this year.
“A 1.5-degree future is still possible if the global community works in lockstep to get there.
“By sharing their environmental data with CDP, HH Global is continuing an environmental journey that will contribute to keeping that future in sight.”
The full list of companies disclosing through CDP can be accessed here: https://www.cdp.net/en/responses.
About HH Global
HH Global is a tech-enabled, creative production and procurement partner that delivers big impact for big ideas across the globe. With +4,500 experts in every market and a thirty-year track record of success, we help the biggest brands on the planet achieve stronger, more sustainable growth. Across every channel. At the speed of modern business. With an unmatched supply chain, a growing suite of tech tools and data insights—we make our clients’ brilliant ideas unmissable everywhere.
CDP is a global non-profit that runs the world’s environmental disclosure system for companies, cities, states and regions. Founded in 2000 and working with more than 740 financial institutions with over $137 trillion in assets, CDP pioneered using capital markets and corporate procurement to motivate companies to disclose their environmental impacts, and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, safeguard water resources and protect forests. Over 25,000 organizations around the world disclosed data through CDP in 2023, with more than 23,000 companies – including listed companies worth two thirds global market capitalization – and over 1,100 cities, states and regions.
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- Robotic Lawn Mower Market to Reach $2.4 Billion, by 2032 at 10.9% CAGR: Allied Market Research
- HH Global discloses environmental impact through CDP
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